Tell El-Amarna

Tell El-Amarna

Tell El-Amarna was the main Capital of Worshipping God Aten in Akhenaton’s reign, as he decided to abandon Thebes because of the power of the priests of Amen there. Akhenaton wanted to change the religion of god Amen and he called for the monotheism of one god who is Aten, so the priests of Amen objected clearly and they were very powerful at that time and were controlling everything, so Akhenaton decided to move from Thebes (modern Luxor) to a new City which called El-Minia. He established a new City called Akhetaton which means in the ancient Egyptian language (the Horizon of Aten)

 
The new worship for the new god was quickly reflected in the type of art, as the main principle for the new religion was that the king is no longer a god as they used to believe before specially in the Old Kingdom, he was just a normal person who is ruling the country, so it was normal for the king to be shown in the statues or the paintings while he is sharing emotions with his family members not in a traditional attitude while holding the scepter. 
 
Also they were thinking to build the new city of a mud brick. The new city contained the Royal Palace, Administrative buildings, Temples for god Aten, and the necropolis. 
 
The Tombs:
 
The tombs are the most important remained monuments of the old city of Akhetaton. It was originally containing 25 tombs, six tombs are located in the northern side which was dedicated for high officials only and the other 19 tombs are located in the south.
 
The below Tombs are the most important and preserved tombs for the high officials in the reign of King Akhenaton.
 
Ay's Tomb:
 
He is one of the high officials. This tomb is the most well preserved tomb in the cemetery, the most important scene in the tomb is showing Ay and his wife receiving collars from the king and Queen Nefertiti. 
 
Huya's Tomb:
 
Huya was the steward of Queen Tiyi (the mother of the Akhenaton) and also you will find in the tomb some scenes for the royal family accompanied with Queen Tiyi while they were sharing some activities with the owner of the tomb, which was the main feature of the art at that period, representing the royal family while sharing some emotions. 

Meri-re II:
 
Meri-re II was the director of the palace of Queen Nefertiti. The Scene which will grab your attention is showing a celebration to honor leaders from other countries and they brought some gifts to the Queen Nefertiti.

Meri-re I:
 
He was High rank priest of god Aten. In the walls you can find a scene for a table full of offering under the solar disk which showing the presence of god Aten. There is another scene in the right wall showing the temple of Aten while the King was attending there.
 
Panhesy:
 
He was one of the Chief Priests of god Aten. The Decorations of the façade are well preserved, the scene is depicting the sister of the King Akhenaton while worshiping Aten who was shown as the solar disc in the top of the whole painting. The Depiction of the owner of the tomb is shown in the inner rooms as an old man with his daughter.

The whole city was abandoned later on, as when the new young Pharaoh Tutankhamen, who succeeded Akhenaton, ruled Egypt he returned back to the old religion and the old cult center which is Thebes.
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