Luxor (called al-Uqṣur in Arabic) also called the City of The Sun Formerly known as Thebes, the great capital of Egypt in the Pharaonic era. Located on the banks of the Nile River, which divides it into two areas The East Bank and The West bank. It is the capital of the southern Governorate of Luxor, Egypt, and away from the Egyptian capital Cairo about 670 km and the northern city of Aswan, about 220 km, and the southern city of Qena about 56 km, and south-west of the city of Hurghada, about 280 km.
The foundation of Thebes (Now known as Luxor) is due to the Fourth Dynasty era around the year 2575 BC. until the Middle Kingdom Teba was not more than just a set of simple huts adjacent, although it was used as a cemetery for the burial of the dead. Then the city of Thebes later became the capital of Egypt in the era of the Egyptian family eleventh at the hands of Pharaoh Montuhotep I. The city remained the capital of the state until the fall of the Egyptian pharaohs and Thirty-first family at the hands of the Persians 332 BC. M.
Luxor known across the ages with many different names, in its inception it was called the city of “waiest” and then called by the Romans after the name of Thebes, also named as the city of hundred doors, as described by the Greek poet Homer in the Iliad, and also named as the "City of the Sun," "City of Light".
Luxor combines past and present associated with the modern era at the same time, there is no place in Luxor that not speaking of the impact of the greatness of the ancient Egyptians thousands of years BC. Luxor has a lot of monuments , including: the Temple of Luxor, Karnak Temple, Luxor Museum, tombs of the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens, and funerary temples, and tombs of supervision. As Luxor shares the Nile River with many other cities, its is easy to enjoy a spectacular tours to Edfu and Kom Ombo and others.
Luxor enjoys a spectacular location, that allows its visitors to explore the most of Egypt attractions and enjoy a wide selection of Cairo Tours, Hurghada Excursions, Aswan Tours in addition to an amazing Nile Cruises.
Luxor, attract the largest segment of cultural tourism coming to Egypt, as it is the store for the ancient Egyptian civilization wherein more than 800 archaeological shrine area includes most fascinating monuments of human heritage and have remained Luxor (Teba), the capital of Egypt until the beginning of the sixth dynasty Pharaonic.
- Karnak Temple
- Luxor Temple
- Colossi of Memnon
- Hatshepsut Temple
- Luxor Museum
- Valley of the Kings
- Mummification Museum
- Open Air Museum
- Ptolemaic Temple of Hathor at Deir el-Madina
- Tombs of the Nobles
- Valley of the Queens
- Dendera Temple
- Abydos City
- Medinat Hapu Temple
- Queen Hatshepsut
- Deir El Medina Temple
- Mortuary Temple of Mentuhotep
- Temple of Seti I ( Abydos Temple )
- Malkata Palace