Beni Hassan tombs are representing different type of art and architect in Egypt as it has never been built by kings and emperors like the rest of the tombs in Egypt.
Those tombs have been built by the rulers and the elites of this province (El-Minia) as they preferred to be buried in their city instead of being buried nearby their Kings in Saqqara. This is an indicator showing that the rulers of the provinces in this period used to have their own power and they were also slightly independent which is quite obvious in the paintings and the carvings on the walls of their tombs moreover their location in the eastern bank is another difference exclusively for Beni Hassan Tombs, along the history of the ancient Egyptians they used to build their tombs in the western bank as a referral for the world of the death.
It has been built in the middle kingdom between 2055 until 1650 BC almost in the 12th dynasty however there is one of the tombs was dated to the 7th dynasty.
In Beni Hassan tombs there are 39 tombs but only 4 tombs are opened to public and another one has no decorations at all
Tomb of Baqet III (BH15)
This tomb is the first one to be discovered. Baqet who is the owner of the tomb, ruled the province of Menat – Khufu which is the modern El-Minia during the 11th dynasty. The tomb is rectangular in the shape. The paintings on the tomb are reflecting the decorative system of that period. The paintings mainly represent hunting, wrestling, and other scenes from his life, however always the western wall in the tomb used to contain traditional funeral scenes.
Tomb of Khety (BH17)
Khety is the son of Baqet who lived in the 11th dynasty as well and he was also a governor of the same province, and the design of his tomb is similar to his father’s tomb. There are also some scenes for his with his wife doing some activities like dancing. Also the western wall is carved with scenes for the funeral.
Tomb of Amenemhet (BH2)
Amenemhet who was called Ameni lived in the 12th dynasty. The design of the tomb is more develop than his ancestors, as it is consisting of a courtyard and a portico that leads to the main room of the tomb. But the decorations and the paintings are narrating his life also and as the previous tombs containing funeral scenes. There is something unique about this tomb also which is having the statue of the owner with his wife and mother in a small chapel in the eastern room.
Tomb of Khnumhotep II (BH3)
Khnumhotep II was the son of Amenemhet. Khnumhotep’s power as a governer for Menat – Khufu province was less than his ancestors, but for the design of the tomb, he followed the architectural style of his father, as it is consisting of a courtyard and a portico with columns which leads to the main chapel of the tomb. We can find some unique features in this tomb which are his autobiographical text has been carved in the base of the walls and it is well preserved, the other feature is having some beautiful portraits for khnumhotep and his family
At the end Beni Hassan Tombs are important as it is reflecting a unique type of art and architect which influenced with their political position in the country.